Scotts Pine

Commercial names:

Red deal or ‘red’ if imported from Europe (Northern UK); yellow deal or ‘yellow’ (Southern UK). Timber grown in UK is called Scots pine. Baltic, Finnish, Swedish, Polish redwood or yellow deal according to country or origin

Other names:

Norway fir, Scots fir, (UK); red pine (Scotland).


Europe, UK, Scandinavia and Russia.

General description:

The wide range of this species provides varying strength, texture, density, number and size of knots, etc. When it’s dry, the heartwood colour is pale reddish-brown and resinous. The annual rings clearly marked by contrasting light early wood and darker latewood zones. The weight is an average of 510 kg/m3 (32  1b/ft3) and the specific gravity is .51.

Mechanical properties:

The species has a low stiffness and resistance to shock loads and a medium crushing strength. UK timber has a medium bending strength whilst European material has a low bending strength. The UK material is 20% harder on the side grain and tougher, and from 15-30% more difficult to split. It has a very poor steam bending classification.


Seasons very rapidly and well, but it does have a tendency to blue sap stain. It should be anti-stain dipped or kilned immediately after conversion. There is medium movement in service.

Working properties:

The timber works easily and well with either hand or machine tools. This timber can be stained, painted, varnished or polished satisfactory. Gluing can be a problem in very resinous material.


This timber is non-durable. It is susceptible to insect attack. The heartwood is moderately resistant to preservative treatment, but the sapwood is permeable.


The best grades are used for furniture, joinery and turnery, vehicle bodies, building construction, railway sleepers, etc. It is rotary cut for plywood manufacture and selected material is sliced for decorative veneers.