Other names:

Manilkara bidentata, balatá, ausubo, massaranduba.


Northern South America, Central America and the Caribbean.

General description:

The timber is of a dark reddish brown colour when exposed, but light red when freshly cut. It is distinct from pale brown sapwood. It has growth rings, the grain is usually straight, however it can be interlocked and the texture is fine. The heartwood is presented in shades of purple. It is extremely hardwood as can be known as ‘bullet wood’. The flowers and a white colour and are produced at the beginning of a rainy season. The fruit is a yellowish berry. The weight is about 1050 kg/m3.

Mechanical properties:

This timber is an extremely dense material but is moderately easy to work with. It machines and finishes to a smooth surface and it takes a fine polish.


This timber tends to be difficult to dry; it develops severe checking and warping. It needs care in piling to ensure a slow rate of drying. There is a medium movement in service.

Working properties:

This timber can be nailed. Gluing requires care due to the timbers resistance to absorb moisture.


It is superior to greenheart in bending strength, shock resistance and hardness. It is very durable.


It is used for making high quality golf balls, outdoor furniture, construction material, trailer beds, decking.